References

Images and Videos

“‘A Liverpool Slave Ship’ about 1780, by William Jackson,” accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/collections/middle_passage/slave_ship.aspx

“Old Map of Liverpool,” accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.oldmap.co.uk/images/old-maps-liverpooll.jpg

“Bill of Sale,” Virginia Memory, accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.virginiamemory.com/blogs/out_of_the_box/wp-content/blogs.dir/5/files/to-be-sold-williams-ivy/norfolk_george_bill-of-sale001.jpg

“Slave Voyage Graph,” Trans-Atlantic Slave Voyage Database, accessed April 18, 2015, http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/database/search.faces

“Plan of Liverpool by John Eyes (1765),” accessed April 18, 2015, http://thehumanjourney.net/images/stories/images/industrial/john.jpg

“Foreign Trade: Entrances and Clearances, 1835–1906,” British History Online, accessed April 18, 2015, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol4/pp37-38

“Normannia Steamship,” accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.old-picture.com/pics/europe/002/pictures/Normannia-Steamship.jpg

“The Liverpool-Manchester Railway,” accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.pittdixon.go-plus.net/l+mr/lmr-map-1829.gif

“The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Today”, YouTube, accessed April 19, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w0VzZ-YbHBY

“Rose Hall – Jamaica,” accessed April 19, 2015, https://maryloudriedger2.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/rose-hall-jamaica.jpg

“Tobacco Auction Ad,” accessed April 19, 2015, http://blog.encyclopediavirginia.org/files/2012/12/tobacco_auction.jpeg

“Cotton Trader,” Liverpool Record Office, accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/exhibitions/cotton/traders/index.aspx

“Bank of England, London,” BBC, accessed April 19, 2015, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/building_britain_gallery_02.shtml

“Martin’s Bank of Liverpool,” GeoGraph, accessed April 19, 2015, http://s0.geograph.org.uk/geophotos/01/39/48/1394854_fc8fe3a0.jpg

 

 Factual Information

Hyde, Francis, Parkinson, Bradbury, and Marriner, Sheila. “The Nature and Profitability of the Liverpool Slave Trade.” The Economic History Review 5 (1953): 368-377.

Rawley, James and Behrendt, Steven. The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

Buchnea, Emily. “Bridging the Middle Atlantic: The Liverpool-New York Trading Community, 1763-1833.” PhD Dissertation, University of Nottingham, 2013.

Richardson, David, Tibbles, Anthony, and Schwarz, Suzanne. Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007.

Paul Clemens. “The Rise of Liverpool, 1665-1750.” The Economic History Review 29 (1976): 211-225.

Museum of Science and Industry. “The Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Construction.” Accessed April 19, 2015. http://www.mosi.org.uk/media/33871623/theliverpoolandmanchesterrailway,construction.pdf

Merseyside Maritime Museum. “Cotton Traders.” Accessed April 19, 2015. http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/exhibitions/cotton/traders/index.aspx

The National Archives. “Explore Liverpool.” Accessed April 19, 2015. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/journeys/virtual_tour_html/liverpool/liverpool.htm

British History Online. “Liverpool: Trade, population, and geographical growth.” Accessed April 18, 2015. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol4/pp37-38

Benjamin Goldman. “Liverpool: Economic Prosperity through the Slave Trade.” Term Paper for HIST 212. College of William & Mary.