Images and Videos

“‘A Liverpool Slave Ship’ about 1780, by William Jackson,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“Old Map of Liverpool,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“Bill of Sale,” Virginia Memory, accessed April 19, 2015,

“Slave Voyage Graph,” Trans-Atlantic Slave Voyage Database, accessed April 18, 2015,

“Plan of Liverpool by John Eyes (1765),” accessed April 18, 2015,

“Foreign Trade: Entrances and Clearances, 1835–1906,” British History Online, accessed April 18, 2015,

“Normannia Steamship,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“The Liverpool-Manchester Railway,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Today”, YouTube, accessed April 19, 2015,

“Rose Hall – Jamaica,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“Tobacco Auction Ad,” accessed April 19, 2015,

“Cotton Trader,” Liverpool Record Office, accessed April 19, 2015,

“Bank of England, London,” BBC, accessed April 19, 2015,

“Martin’s Bank of Liverpool,” GeoGraph, accessed April 19, 2015,


 Factual Information

Hyde, Francis, Parkinson, Bradbury, and Marriner, Sheila. “The Nature and Profitability of the Liverpool Slave Trade.” The Economic History Review 5 (1953): 368-377.

Rawley, James and Behrendt, Steven. The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

Buchnea, Emily. “Bridging the Middle Atlantic: The Liverpool-New York Trading Community, 1763-1833.” PhD Dissertation, University of Nottingham, 2013.

Richardson, David, Tibbles, Anthony, and Schwarz, Suzanne. Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007.

Paul Clemens. “The Rise of Liverpool, 1665-1750.” The Economic History Review 29 (1976): 211-225.

Museum of Science and Industry. “The Liverpool and Manchester Railway: Construction.” Accessed April 19, 2015.,construction.pdf

Merseyside Maritime Museum. “Cotton Traders.” Accessed April 19, 2015.

The National Archives. “Explore Liverpool.” Accessed April 19, 2015.

British History Online. “Liverpool: Trade, population, and geographical growth.” Accessed April 18, 2015.

Benjamin Goldman. “Liverpool: Economic Prosperity through the Slave Trade.” Term Paper for HIST 212. College of William & Mary.