New World Connections

Rose Hall Plantation



Through the slave trade, Liverpool came to develop strong relationships with trade partners in the New World. Their primary trade partners in the Caribbean in the 18th century were Jamaica and Barbados. Liverpool merchants controlled over 40% of all imports from Barbados. Jamaica was Liverpool’s largest supplier of sugar, and numerous Liverpool merchants owned or controlled estates and plantations in Jamaica. This particular plantation, the Rose Hall plantation, employed over 2000 slaves across 6000 acres of land.


In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, Liverpool supplied Virginia and the Chesapeake with indentured servants and money, and in return, they were able to dominate the English market for Virginia tobacco. By 1790, Liverpool imported over 10.4 million pounds of the commodity.

Ad for Virginia Tobacco in Liverpool

Liverpool Cotton Trader



Next to sugar and tobacco, cotton was also one of the most traded commodities in Liverpool. Cotton plantations developed in the Americas and the Caribbean began to develop in the 18th century, and Liverpool’s connection to these regions through the slave trade also gave Liverpool easy entry into the cotton trade. Click here to see a wealth of information on the Liverpool cotton trade from the Liverpool Maritime Museum.